Backgroud: The rising major health concern with high rate of prevelence is Ascariasis in developing countries. The fundamental objective of present research was the parasitological investication estimating the prevelence of Ascaris lumbricoides based on age and sex among students of urban (Jalalabad City) and rural (Khogyani) schools in eastern, Afghanistan.
Materials and Mehtods: For accomplishment of research objective, totally 400 samples were obtained from students of selected schools and further procedure applied by formal-ether concentration technique. The entire population of 400 students in two groups of ages; 7-10 years and 10-13 years are chosen. 200 samples were collected from Jalalabad city school and the remaining 200 samples were collected from a local school in Khogiani district of Nangarhar province. Descriptive analysis of obtained data was performed using the R x64 3.3.1 version.
Findings: The results reviewed that in Urban areas schools twenty three were found positive and infection rate was 11.5%. In Urban areas schools children’s, the infection was higher in 7-10 years old than 10-13 years old. The results documented that disease pattern in male and female children’s was higher in males compared to females. Whereas, in rural areas schools 28, were found positive and infection rate was 14%. Furthermore, the occurrence of Ascariasis in rural areas schools children’s, was higher in 7-10years old than 10-13 years old.
Conclusion: The recorded high contamination rate in young male children indicate to emphasize on better and improved sanitation and should be educated on the mode of infection and epidemiology of the parasite. The findings may also stimulate the development of customised strategies for the improved control and prevention of Ascaris infection Nangarhar.
KeywordsAscarislumbricoides, Rural, Urban, Schools, Children
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