Background: Bariatric surgery is one of the most common methods for weight loss. This study, explores the effects and differences of control and exercise on obese patients after surgery and observed the effects of a 4-week exercise program combined with standard postoperative treatment on the physical function and glycolipid metabolism of obese individuals following bariatric surgery.
Materials and Methods: Eight of the seventeen obese female individuals who satisfied the inclusion criteria were placed in the group of exercise, and nine were placed in the group of control. During four weeks, the exercise group got a 60-minute exercise intervention three times per week (training every other day). The Control group did not engage in any athletic activity. Before and after the intervention, data were gathered. Software SPSS26.0 was employed. Since the data had a normal distribution, the groups individually were compared using the independent sample T test, whereas the groups before and after the group were contrasted using the paired sample T test. Use a non-normal distribution with a nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test.
Findings: Weight, BMI, waist and neck circumferences, and hip circumferences in the exercise and control groups were substantially decreased (P<0.01) compared to the pre-test, as well as the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in the group of the exercise was statistically significantly reduced (P<0.05), while WHR in the Control group was not statistically different (P>0.05). The decrease in basal metabolic rate (BMR) was better in than in the Control group (P<0.05) in the exercise group. When compared to the pre-test, both groups' total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels considerably decreased (P< 0.01).
Conclusion: Both groups had improvements in the composition of the body; however, exercise had a more significant effect on subjects' WHR and TF, as well as delaying the loss of skeletal muscle and BMR, than the Control group did on subjects' WC decline.
KeywordsExercise, Bariatric surgery, Obesity, physical function
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