Effect of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Seed Powder and Furazolidone Supplementation on Growth Performance of Broilers


Sayed Ahmad Waziri
Mirhatem Niazi
Hanifullah Bawari


Backgroud: Residues of AGPs (antibiotic growth promoters) caused bacterial resistance in humans. This study has been conducted to assess how broiler chicks responded to various amounts of fennel seed powder as a natural growth promoter and as an alternative to antibiotics. Furazolidone was fed as an antibiotic growth promoter to evaluate the effects of this substance on the feed consumption, feed conversion ratio, and body weight gain of chickens.
Materials and Methods: 120-days-old broiler chicks were used in this study. They were placed into five groups randomly with three replicates in each group and eight chicks in each replication, over the course of 35 days. From these five groups, the T1 (control) group was given a normal diet, the T2, T3, and T4 groups were given one, two, and three grams of fennel seed powder per kilogram of diet, respectively. However, the T5 group was given 0,2 g furazolidone per kilogram of diet. The feed which used in this study was obtained from Habib Hassam trading company and it was of two types (4 number feed and 9 number feed).
Findings: It was found that the experimental groups who received 2 and 3 grams of fennel seed powder per kilogram of diet not only ate less food overall, but also had the best feed conversion ratio, and the greatest weight gains (P<0.01). There was no significant difference between the group given 1gr of fennel seed powder per kilogram of a diet with the control group (P>0.05). On the other hand, the group that was fed 0,2 g of furazolidone was not significant as compared to the first (control) group.
Conclusion: As a natural growth promoter, feeding broiler chicks 2-3 grams of ground fennel seed per kilogram of diet will have the best effects on growth performance as well as avoiding furazolidone.


Fennel, Furazolidone, Broiler, Growth performance


How to Cite
Waziri, S. A., Niazi, M., & Bawari, H. (2023). Effect of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Seed Powder and Furazolidone Supplementation on Growth Performance of Broilers. NUIJB, 2(02), 99–105. Retrieved from https://nuijb.nu.edu.af/index.php/nuijb/article/view/54


  1. Ahmed, H. D., Elamin, K. M., & Ati, K. A. A. (2012). Effects of Dietary Furazolidone on the Performance of Broiler Chicks under Sudan Conditions. Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences 6 (1): 20-26
  2. Ahmed, S. A. H. (2015). Evaluation of Shamar (Foenicum vulgre) Seeds as Natural Growth Promotion (NGP) in Broiler Chicks (Doctoral dissertation, Sudan University of Science and Technology).
  3. Al-Sagan, A. A., Khalil, S., Hussein, E. O., & Attia, Y. A. (2020). Effects of fennel seed powder supplementation on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and economic efficiency of broilers under thermoneutral and chronic heat stress conditions. Animals, 10(2), 206.
  4. AL-Zuhairi, Z. A. J., Abdullah, W. S., & Majal, R. K. (2018). Effect the dietary supplementation of Cariander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and Fennel (Foeniculum vulgares) seed powder and their mixture in productional and physiological performance of broiler. Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences, 17(2), 143-148.
  5. Bywater, R. J. (2005). Identification and surveillance of antimicrobial resistance dissemination in animal production. Poultry science, 84(4), 644-648.
  6. Dibner, J. J., & Richards, J. D. (2005). Antibiotic growth promoters in agriculture: history and mode of action. Poultry science, 84(4), 634-643.
  7. Fatima, F., Chand, N., Naz, S., Saeed, M., Khan, N.U., Khan, R.U. (2022). Coping heat stress by crushed fennel (foeniculum vulgare) seeds in broilers: Growth, redox, balance and humoral immune response, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan. Journal of Livestock Science, 265, 156-163
  8. Griggs, J. P., & Jacob, J. P. (2005). Alternatives to antibiotics for organic poultry production. Journal of applied poultry research, 14(4), 750-756.
  9. Hassan, S. A., & Mukhtar, M. A. (2015). Evaluation of shamar (Foenicum vulgre) seeds as natural growth promotion (NGP) in broiler chicks. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(1), 225-236.
  10. Hernandez, F., Madrid, J., Garcia, V., Orengo, J., & Megias, M. D. (2004). Influence of two plant extracts on broilers performance, digestibility, and digestive organ size. Poultry science, 83(2), 169-174.
  11. Hruska, K. (2006). Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, Czech Republic: Analysis of papers published from 1990 to 2005. Veterinarni Medicina, 51(5), 161-167.
  12. Kahn, C. M., Line, S., & Aiello, S. E. (2005). The merck veterinary manual. Merck & Co. Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ.
  13. Leeson, S., & Summers, J. D. (2001). Nutrition of the chicken 4th Ed. Guelph, Ontario, Canada: University Books.
  14. Lemrabt, S., Ram Pal Singh, & Nagar, S. (2018). Efficacy of Foeniculum vulgate seeds powder on growth performance in broilers, International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, pp167-169.
  15. Mohammed, A. A., & Abbas, R. J. (2009). The effect of using fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare L.) on productive performance of broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8(7), 642-644.
  16. Nasir, Z., & Grashorn, M. A. (2006). Use of Black cumin (Nigella sativa Linn.) as alternative to antibiotics in poultry diets. 9. Tagung Schweine-und Geflügelernährung, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany, 28-30 November 2006, 210-213.
  17. Niewold, T. A. (2007). The nonantibiotic anti-inflammatory effect of antimicrobial growth promoters, the real mode of action? A hypothesis. Poultry science, 86(4), 605-609.
  18. Ostad, S. N., Soodi, M., Shariffzadeh, M., Khorshidi, N., & Marzban, H. (2001). The effect of fennel essential oil on uterine contraction as a model for dysmenorrhea, pharmacology and toxicology study. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 76(3), 299-304.
  19. Parks, C. W., Grimes, J. L., Ferket, P. R., & Fairchild, A. S. (2000). The case for mannanoligosaccharides in poultry diets. An alternative to growth promotant antibiotics. In Proceedings of Alltech’s Sixteenth Annual Symposium. Nottingham University Press (pp. 45-60).
  20. Ragab, M. S. (2007). Effects of using fennel seeds in growing Japanese quail diets varying in their protein content with or without enzyme supplementation. Fayoum Journal of Agricultural Research and Development, 21(2), 113-136.
  21. Revington, B. (2002). In 2002 Multi-State Poultry Feeding and Nutrition Conference, Feeinfo, Indianpolis, Indiana, USA, Pp 1-14.
  22. Rezq, A. A. (2012). Beneficial health effects of fennel seeds (Shamar) on male rats feeding high fat-diet. Med. J. Cairo Univ, 80(2), 101-113.
  23. Romila, R. M. A. (2001). Hacked By SOSO H. H Iraqi-Cracker. M. Sci (Doctoral dissertation, University of Cairo Egypt).
  24. Ruberto, G., Baratta, M. T., Deans, S. G., & Dorman, H. D. (2000). Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Foeniculum vulgare and Crithmum maritimum essential oils. Planta medica, 66(08), 687-693.
  25. Sahin, O., Morishita, T. Y., & Zhang, Q. (2002). Campylobacter colonization in poultry: sources of infection and modes of transmission. Animal Health Research Reviews, 3(2), 95-105.
  26. Vass, M., Hruska, K., & Franek, M. (2008). Nitrofuran antibiotics: a review on the application, prohibition and residual analysis. Veterinarni medicina, 53(9), 469-500.
  27. Wekhe, S. N., & Nyeche, V. N. (2002). Performance of broilers on furazolidone additive. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 29(1), 16-20.