A Cross-Sectional Study of Lumpy Skin Disease and Knowledge of Livestock Farmers Regarding the Disease in Istalif District of Kabul, Afghanistan


Mohammad Sangary
Ghulam Haider Olfat
Rahim Faqiri


Background: Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious and viral disease of cattle and water buffaloes. The disease was first noted in the southern provinces of Afghanistan in May 2022. Information concerning the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak and knowledge of the livestock farmers about the disease is limited. The aim of this study was to describe the morbidity and case fatality rate of the disease, risk factors for the disease, and community awareness regarding the disease.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was carried out in the Istalif district of Kabul Province. A total of 400 questionnaires were filled out by a trained veterinarian enumerator, using a systematic random house-to-house sampling method. Descriptive statistics of the collected data were done using MS Excel and SPSS (Version 25) statistical software.
Findings: A total of 1305 cattle were surveyed, the disease's morbidity rate was 22.3%, the case fatality rate was 9.3%, and the mortality rate was 2.07%. More than 90% of the sampled population stated they consume the milk of LSD clinically affected cattle while all of them said they don’t consume the meat of such cattle. Their practice regarding the isolation of clinically affected cattle was very low and less than 5% of them were segregating the affected cattle from the rest of the herd. Case fatality rate was higher in milking cows compared to males and non-milking cows.
Conclusion: The prevalence rate of the disease was high compared to other countries and the level of livestock owners' awareness regarding the disease, especially regarding the consumption of meat and the isolation of the clinically affected cattle from the rest of the herd was at a very low level.


Awareness, Lumpy skin disease, Morbidity, Prevalence, Risk factors


How to Cite
Sangary, M., Olfat, G. H., & Faqiri, R. (2023). A Cross-Sectional Study of Lumpy Skin Disease and Knowledge of Livestock Farmers Regarding the Disease in Istalif District of Kabul, Afghanistan. NUIJB, 2(03), 11–19. Retrieved from https://nuijb.nu.edu.af/index.php/nuijb/article/view/64


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