Study of Growth Rate and Yield Performance of Five Cultivars of Gorgak Melons (Cucumis melo L.) using Morphological Traits in Sar-e-Pol Province, Afghanistan


Mohammad Arif Adel
Sayed Esmail Emran
Mohammad Belal Esari


Background: Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is the genetically most diverse and the economically most important species of the genus Cucumis grown around the globe. The species occupies the third world rank of production quantity. Melons demonstrate high morphological and phonological polymorphisms in a flower type and leaf shape, plant growth habits, and fruits morphology traits i.e., fruit size, fruit shape, fruit texture, fruit color, and fruit flavor. The Afghani melon has a great reputation in local and regional markets and meets the majority of consumers desires. In Sar-e Pol province of Afghanistan, a particular of melon, the Gorgak melons, are widely grown for commercial purposes. The cultivation of the Gorgaks in dry and semi-dry regions has a better production by high quality and quantity.
Materials and Methods: The experiment was carried out in Gangalbagh Research Station of Sar-e Pol province employing a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with two replications.
Findings: Gorgak cultivars demonstrated the highest morphological, growth and yield diversity, mainly for fruit traits. The diversity may be attributing mostly to positive or negative selection. Based on observation it is known that the stem color (RHS 143B), number of mean stem, number of lateral stems, stem length, bio products, germination percentage and 50 % germination there were no significant differences between cultivars. Gorgak safeed derived stem color characters from Gorgak seya and Gorgak sabz derived from Gorgak ablaq. Adjacent ranges can undergo shifts, in color due to factors, such as fluctuations, in light intensity or the absence of specific nutrients.
Conclusion: Gorgaks have different phenotypic characters from each other on different morphological characters.  Gorgak seya, Gorgak sabz and Gorgak ablaq exhibits diversity with its characters displaying a remarkable level of stability.


Cucumic melo L., Gorgak, Morphological traits, Growth, Diversity, Sar-e-Pol


How to Cite
Adel, M. A., Emran, S. E., & Esari, M. B. (2023). Study of Growth Rate and Yield Performance of Five Cultivars of Gorgak Melons (Cucumis melo L.) using Morphological Traits in Sar-e-Pol Province, Afghanistan. NUIJB, 2(04), 70–79. Retrieved from


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