Investigating Breakfast Consumption by Female Students of Herat University


Nasir Ahmad Sahel
Monira Yosufi
Ahmad Shafiq Foshanji
Abdullah Masoumi
Basir Ahmad Rahimi


Background: One of the factors that has a strong and undeniable relationship with the learning and academic progress of students is proper nutrition, including eating breakfast. Consuming a suitable and nutritious breakfast provides enough energy and protein during the students' presence in the class and helps their concentration and learning power a lot.
Materials and Methods: This research was conducted with the aim of investigating the amount of breakfast consumed by female students of Herat University in the spring of 1401, and the data was collected by a standard questionnaire including two parts of demographic characteristics and specialized questions about the status of breakfast consumption. Using Cochran's formula software to select the sample size in the known population. Based on that 384 students from different faculties were  randomly selected by  stratified  sampling methods  and questionnaires were distributed, and the data were analyzed using Excel software.
Findings: The results of the research showed that the majority of female students of Herat University (67.97%) said that they did not eat breakfast every day, and only 32.03% of the students ate breakfast every day, which was very low, As the majority of students stated that unawailability of breakfast, waking up late, and the lack of variety of breakfast were the reasons for not consuming it. They also mentioned that bread and tea, dairy products, sweets and other items are used as their breakfast respectively.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this research, most of the students of Herat University did not eat breakfast even though it is considered as an important meal, so there is a need to raise the level of students' knowledge about the importance of this valuable meal.


Breakfast, Students, Herat University


How to Cite
Sahel, N. A., Yosufi, M., Foshanji, A. S., Masoumi, A., & Rahimi, B. A. (2023). Investigating Breakfast Consumption by Female Students of Herat University. NUIJB, 2(04), 123–129. Retrieved from


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