Effects of Babesiosis on Blood Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Cows


Mohammad Hamid Kadwal
Najeebullah Faizee
Redwanullah Memlawal
Mohammad Malyar Rahmani


Background: Babesiosis is a life-threatening disease caused by a parasite of the Babesia spp., This infects and destroys the Red blood cells. The disease is transmitted mainly by ticks which become infected by feeding on infected cows. The animals will face certain death if the disease is not properly treated on time. Due to this disease the livestock industry suffers many problems and has faced many challenges and losses. The objective of the current study is to find out the effect of hematological and biochemical parameters of babesiosis on cow blood.
Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out in the summer season of Nangarhar province. A total of 30 cows of Watani and 30 cows of Crossbred were selected. The cows were then divided into 15 babesia- infected and 15 healthy cows as controlled groups for both breeds. The sample for blood was collected from the jugular vein of animals using an EDTA tube which contains 2ml of blood for biochemical test.
Findings: The obtained results showed that hematological parameters such as Red blood cells and Hemoglobin in Watani and Crossbred cows were significantly decreased (P≤0.05) in babesia-infected cows than healthy controlled group. While the number of White blood cells was significantly higher (P≤0.05) in babesia- infected cows. In the case of biochemical parameters, the amounts of Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) both in Watani and Crossbred cows were significantly higher (P≤0.05) in babesia- infected cows.
Conclusion: This study concluded that the amount of total protein was significantly decreased (p≤0.05). The amount of cholesterol remained significantly higher. Both hematological and biochemical parameters were significantly different in babesia-infected cows than in controlled healthy cows in the present study.


Babesiosis, Cows, hematology, biochemical factors


How to Cite
Kadwal, M. H., Faizee, N., Memlawal, R., & Rahmani, M. M. (2023). Effects of Babesiosis on Blood Hematological and Biochemical Parameters of Cows. NUIJB, 2(04), 115–122. Retrieved from https://nuijb.nu.edu.af/index.php/nuijb/article/view/125


  1. Anwar, M., Waqar, M.A., Khan, F.A., Tariq, W., Ahmad, S., Mushtaq, S., Ahmad, T.A., Mirza, S.H., Dawood, M.M.(2005).Manual of laboratory medicine (Third edition ed) Rawalpindi: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 328.
  2. Aziz, P., Marodia, S., Ganesan, P., & Sharma, C. (2020). A clinical study on Hemato-biochemical changes in cows affected with Babesiosis. Pharm. Innov. J, 9(2), 242-245.
  3. Alam, T. H., & Nasr, S. M. (2011). Hematological and biochemical investigation in bovine babesiosis and theileriosis. Benha Veterinary Medical Journal, 22(2), 118-126.
  4. Durrani, A., Shakoori, A., & Kamal, N. (2008). Bionomics of Hyalomma ticks in three districts of Punjab, Pakistan. J Anim Plant Sci, 18(1), 17-23.
  5. Hendrix, C. M., & Robinson, E. (2022). Diagnostic parasitology for veterinary technicians-E-book: Elsevier Health Sciences.
  6. Hussein, A., Mohammed, N., & Mohammed, H. (2007). Theileriosis and babesiosis in cattle: haemogram and some biochemical parameters. Paper presented at the Proceedings of XIII International Congress of International Society of Animal Hygiene.
  7. Ibrahim, O., Taha, Z., & Jassim, S. (2012). Prevalence of Babesia bovis in cattle in Tikreet city and its surroundings with hematological study. Tikrit J Pure Sci, 17(2), 32-34.
  8. Kadhem, M. (2016). Anti-Arthritic activity of ethanolic extract of Lawsonia inermis in Freund ҆S adjuvant induced arthritic rats. IOSR J Agric Vet Sci, 9, 1-6.
  9. Kakoma, I., & Ristic, M. (1984). Pathogenesis of babesiosis. In Malaria and Babesiosis: Research findings and control measures (pp. 85-93): Springer.
  10. Khan, F.A., Ahmed, S., Ahmed, T.A., Khan, D.A., Hussain, A.B., Abbasi, S.A., Jamal, S., Khadim, M.T., Ikram, A.(2012). Manual of laboratory medicine(Fourth edition ed.).Rawalpindi: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 379
  11. Mghirbi, Y., Hurtado, A., Brandika, J., Khlif, K., Ketata, Z., & Bouattour, A. (2008). A molecular survey of Theileria and Babesia parasites in cattle, with a note on the distribution of ticks in Tunisia. Parasitology Research, 103, 435-442.
  12. Mahmood, Y. (2014). Natural Babesia bovis infection in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) and crossbred cattle under field conditions in Egypt: a preliminary study. Journal of arthropod-borne diseases, 8(1), 1.
  13. Mohamed Saied MM, (2017) Studies of Naturally Infected Babesiosis and Its Effect on Some Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Cattle in Qena, Egypt.
  14. Nasreldin, N., Ewida, R. M., Hamdon, H., & Elnaker, Y. F. (2020). Molecular diagnosis and biochemical studies of tick-borne diseases (anaplasmosis and babesiosis) in Aberdeen Angus Cattle in New Valley, Egypt. Veterinary World, 13(9), 1884.
  15. Nazifi, S., M Razavi, S., Reiszadeh, M., Esmailnezhad, Z., & Ansari-Lari, M. (2010). Diagnostic values of acute phase proteins in Iranian indigenous cattle infected with Theileria annulata. Veterinarski arhiv, 80(2), 205-214.
  16. Nazifi, S., Razavi, S., Kianiamin, P., & Rakhshandehroo, E. (2011). Evaluation of erythrocyte antioxidant mechanisms: antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation, and serum trace elements
  17. associated with progressive anemia in ovine malignant theileriosis. Parasitology Research, 109, 275-281.
  18. Salem, N. Y., Yehia, S. G., Farag, H. S., & Elkhiat, M. A. (2016). Clinical, hemato-biochemical alterations and oxidant–antioxidant biomarkers in Babesia-infected calves. International Journal of Veterinary science and medicine, 4(1), 17-22. Schalm, O. W., Jain, N. C., & Carroll, E. J. (1975). Veterinary hematology: Lea & Febiger.
  19. Sevinc, F., Turgut, K., Sevinc, M., Ekici, O. D., Coskun, A., Koc, Y., . . . Ica, A. (2007). Therapeutic and prophylactic efficacy of imidocarb dipropionate on experimental Babesia ovis infection of lambs. Veterinary parasitology, 149(1-2), 65-71.
  20. Sharma, A., Singla, L. D., Batth, B. K., & Kaur, P. (2016). Clinicopatho-biochemical alterations associated with subclinical babesiosis in dairy animals. Journal of arthropod-borne diseases, 10(2), 258.
  21. Steel, R.G.D., and Torrie J.H. (1980). Principals and Procedures of Statistics - A Biometrical Approach, second edition. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York, USA
  22. Werner, L. L., Turnwald, G. H., & Willard, M. D. (2004). Immunologic and plasma protein disorders. Small animal clinical diagnosis by laboratory methods, 290.
  23. Wright, D. C., & Mermin, N. D. (1989). Crystalline liquids: the blue phases. Reviews of Modern Physics, 61(2), 385.
  24. Yabsley, M. J., & Shock, B. C. (2013). Natural history of zoonotic Babesia: role of wildlife reservoirs. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 2, 18-31.
  25. Zintl, A., Mulcahy, G., Skerrett, H. E., Taylor, S. M., & Gray, J. S. (2003). Babesia divergens, a bovine blood parasite of veterinary and zoonotic importance. Clinical microbiology reviews, 16(4), 622-636.

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)