Clinical Profile of Patients with Mitral Stenosis in Nangarhar University Teaching Hospital


Salahuddin Rahimee
Shukrullah Sahak
Kamran Zafarzai
Abdul Nasir Jabarkhil
Habibullah Mulavizada


Background: Mitral valve stenosis is strongly associated with rheumatic heart disease. Patients with mitral stenosis may have better prognoses if they receive the right care. Thus, the purpose of this study was to characterize the characteristics of patients with mitral stenosis in the Nangarhar University Teaching Hospital's respiratory and valvular heart disease ward. An earlier detection of mitral stenosis can be expected. This enables the quick administration of the proper medicine and the avoidance of subsequent complications.
Materials and Methods: The inpatient medical records of patients diagnosed with mitral stenosis from echocardiography in the respiratory and valvular heart disease ward of the Nangarhar University Teaching Hospital between June 2021 and March 2022 were used for this descriptive retrospective study, which used a cross-sectional approach and accidental sampling method. The variables included the patients' age, gender, degree of illness, and place of residence. SPSS version 16 and Microsoft Excel were used to process the data.
Findings: According to the inclusion criteria, sixty-two patients were included in this study. Next, the patients were divided into groups based on their age, gender, disease severity, and location. According to the study's findings, the majority of participants were between the ages of 50 and 59 (51.6%), females predominated (67%), the majority of patients had serious illnesses (51.6%), and the majority of patients were from the province of Nangarhar (46.3%).
Conclusion: The bulk of patients with severe mitral stenosis were female, in their productive years. Medication is not available to treat mitral valve stenosis. As a result, the physicians might recommend medicine to treat your problems. If a cardiologist concludes that a mitral valve replacement or repair is necessary, both surgical and nonsurgical alternatives may be taken into consideration.


Echocardiography, Mitral stenosis, Valvular heart disease, Severity


How to Cite
Rahimee, S., Sahak, S., Zafarzai, K., Jabarkhil, A. N., & Mulavizada, H. (2023). Clinical Profile of Patients with Mitral Stenosis in Nangarhar University Teaching Hospital. NUIJB, 2(03), 112–117. Retrieved from


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