The Effects of Mothers’ Parenting Styles on Their Daughters’ Mental Health


Ayubi Bezhan
Shamayel Ahmadi
Mohammad Taher Taher


Background: Parenting is an effortful and serious task that has a significant impact on the mental health and personality of children. Previous studies in other countries have identified parenting style as a contributing factor to the mental health of their children. There is no study available on the impact of parenting on the mental health of children in Afghanistan. The current study aimed to explore the effects of mother’s parenting styles on their daughters’ mental health.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among students of Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kabul University  from  April to June  2022 and a total of 102  female students aged between 18-26 years participated in this study. To collect the necessary data, two questionnaires were administered including a general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) and parental authority questionnaire (PAQ). Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 21.
Findings: The results indicated that permissive parenting has a positive effect on mental health. In addition, it was found that a high number of participants (62.7%) had symptoms of mental health disorders. The number of participants suspected to have severe symptoms of psychological disorders was high (21.6%) in social dysfunction compared to anxiety, somatic symptoms, and depression (13.7 %, 10.8% and 4.9%), respectively. Moreover, according to the findings authoritative parenting was the dominant style, followed by authoritarian and permissive parenting.
Conclusion: Parents must be educated about the consequences of their upbringing style on their children’s mental health and future research must include males, fathers, and a larger sample to get a more clear picture of the impact of parenting on children’s mental health.


Mental health, Parenting, Authoritative, Permissive, Authoritarian


How to Cite
Bezhan, A., Ahmadi, S., & Taher, M. T. (2023). The Effects of Mothers’ Parenting Styles on Their Daughters’ Mental Health. NUIJB, 2(03), 118–127. Retrieved from


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